The rugged shoreline rises some 50 metres above the crashing waves, exposing various gradations of the Silurian-age dolomite, roughly 400 to 425 million years old. Sea caves and other unusual rock formations have been carved by ancient waters. Karrens, which are small furrows in the limestone bedrock, demonstrate the erosive properties of rainwater. Dry upland forests predominate.
Park Facilities and Activities: The reserve is without facilities. Smokey Head - White Bluff is part of the Niagara Escarpment Parks System and the Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve. The area is best suited for hiking and nature appreciation. The Bruce Trail passes through here. Visitors are reminded that the natural habitat is very fragile.
Location: On the Bruce Peninsula 100 km north of Owen Sound.